Day 308 of the Year Twenty & 13
On this day…
In 1429 Joan of Arc liberates the French city of Saint-Pierre-le-Moûtier during the Hundred Years War.
In 1677 Mary II marries William of Orange. The would become William & Mary
In 1847 Sir James Simpson discovers chloroform.
In 1922 Howard Carter discovers the doorway to an undiscovered Egyptian tomb. It will turn out to be the tomb of a previously unknown Pharaoh, Tutankhamen.
In 1939 President Roosevelt orders the implementation of the Neutrality Act, allowing belligerents who can get to the US (meaning England) to buy weapons on a “cash-and-carry” basis.
In 1942 Field Marshall Erin Rommel disobeys a direct order from Adolf Hitler and begins a five month retreat after the 2nd Battle of El Alamein.
In 1952 the US establishes the National Security Agency or NSA. It only takes a mere fifty-five years for the Agency to prove it can violate the 4th Amendment.
In 1956 Soviet Troops enter Hungary to crush anti-communist uprisings. The world simply stands by and allows the massacre to occur.
In 1962 the US tests the Nike-Hercules missile system with a nuclear blast 69,000 feet above Johnston Island. It is the final atmospheric test by the US.
In 1973 the Netherlands completely abandons cars for a day because of the Saudi Oil embargo. On the plus side, Holland is a very small country that you could probably ride a bicycle across in a day.
In 1995 Yitzchak Rabin is assassinated
In 2008 Barack Obama is elected president of the United States.
Born this day: Walter Cronkite (1916); Loretta Swit (1937); Laura Bush (1946); Markie Post (1950); Ralph Macchio (1961)